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Automobile Fuel Supply System Articles
Automobile Fuel Supply System - The Basics ...
An automobile fuel supply system comprises a number of automotive components that assist in supplying fuel to the engine's combustion chamber and regulating it, thereby preventing any loss ...



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Automobile Fuel Supply System Industry
Fuel cells industry is one of the soaring sectors, which is expected to reach somewhere between $1 billion and $2 billion by the end of 2012. The annual growth rate of worldwide automobile filters industry is 4.1 percent, which is estimated to reach US$ 12 billion in 2012. Italy, China, India, Taiwan, United States, and Taiwan are the leading manufacturing countries of automobile fuel supply components and parts.

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Automotive Components & Parts  »  Automotive Industry Directory  »  Automobile Fuel Supply System

Automobile Fuel Supply System
Automobile Fuel Supply System Automobile Fuel Supply System
Automobile Fuel Supply System
The fuel supply system of the vehicle constitutes an important element of an engine. Its core function is to ensure the smooth and uninterrupted supply of fuel to other peripherals of an engine. An automobile fuel supply system comprises of various components and devices like fuel cells, carburetor, fuel pump, fuel tank, fuel coolers, automobile filters which are used for storing fuel and distributing it to internal combustion engine as in when needed. Today, almost every automobile has a pressurized fuel supply system equipped with a pump that is used for pushing fuel from the fuel tank to engine of the vehicle.

Components of Automobile Fuel Supply System 

Automobile Filters Automotive LPG System Carburetor
Fuel Cells Fuel Coolers Fuel Injection System
Fuel Pump Fuel Tank Fuel Tank Cap
Fuel Water Separator Intake Manifolds Nitrous Oxide System

 
Automobile Filters are the devices or strainers generally tank or tubes used in automobiles for separating impurities from gases or fluids. An automobile filter ensure that the fuel, which is circulated in the engine, is filtered, clean and does not contain any waste material. Filters used in automobile engine come in variety of sizes, shapes and dimensions. These filters are used for filtering air, oil, water, gas and chemicals distributed in the engine of the vehicle. Filters used in automobile are made of high quality material like rubber, carbon, stainless steel, polyurethane, polyester, fiberglass etc.
Filters are of many types such as:

Automobile Filters
 
Automotive LPG System
It is that type of fuel system in which liquid fuel gas is converted into gaseous form by adding heat into it. The chief components of an automotive LPG system as illustrated in the figure are LPG fuel tank, LPG/Petrol switch, LPG ECU, LPG evaporator, LPG vaporizer, LPG filler valve, petrol injectors, LPG fuel gauge, LPG control relay, LPG outlet solenoid valve, LPG distributor. Liquefied petroleum gas is considered to be the cleaner fuel, which produces fewer emissions ultimately, leading to less oil contamination.
Automotive LPG System is categorized as:

 
Carburetor is an integral device or apparatus of an internal combustion engine that is used for blending air fuel mixture in the correct proportion thereby resulting in smooth combustion. It is that types of device which also controls and monitors the speed of the vehicle. These are usually of two types namely surface carburetor and float-feed carburetor. As displayed in the figure, the leading components of a carburetor are throttle valve, venturi, air bleed, choke valve, fuel metering orifice, intake valve, exhaust valve, manifold, fuel chamber and combustion chamber. .
Other parts of a Carburetor are:

Carburetor
 
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells Often work similar like batteries, fuel cells are the electrochemical devices that are used for converting chemical energy into electricity with the help of fuel. These cells turn hydrogen rich fuel and oxygen into electricity and heat. They generate direct current voltage, which can be used for powering motors, lights or any number of electrical appliances. Fuel cells are mostly created for electric automobiles as they emit less pollution. Automobile fuel cells are mostly categorized on the basis of their operating temperature and electrolyte they use.
The different components that fuel cells comprise of :

These power-generating devices are of many types such as:

 
These are the devices or mediums that are used for cooling fluids distributed in an internal combustion engine of the vehicle. Fuel coolers decrease vapor lock and increases horsepower of the vehicle. Today almost every vehicle has fuel cooler that enhances power of the engine by supplying high-density liquid to the engine. Fluid Coolers are the widely used devices as they reduce the rising temperature of variety of oil, lubricants or fluids circulated within the engine.
Fuel coolers are generally made of carbon steel, stainless steel, cast iron, PVC, CPVC, FRP and other polypropylene materials. Basically there are two types of fuel coolers namely:

Fuel Coolers
 
Fuel Injection System
Fuel Injection System is a mechanism through which fuel is injected or metered into the different components of an internal combustion engine of the vehicle. Under this system, atomized fuel is directly forced into the engine cylinders without making use of carburetors. Fuel injection components improve and enhance the efficiency of the engine improves its performance and lessons polluting exhaust emissions. Modern fuel injection systems, used in most of the vehicles, control the whole process with the help of computers. Major components of fuel injection system are fuel injection nozzle, airflow regulator, fuel pressure regulator, throttle valve, intake valve, piston, cylinder, crankshaft etc.
There are other components of fuel injection system used by automobile fuel supply system such as:

 
Fuel Pump are the devices that are used for supplying the fuel collected in the fuel tank to the engine. Automobiles make use of two basic fuel pumps namely mechanical pump and electrical pumps. Both of these fuel pumps are used for extracting gasoline from the fuel tank thereby distributing to carburetor or injector pump. Mechanical pumps are affixed on to the engine and are driven by engine directly with the help of an eccentric lobe on the camshaft. While electric pump function with the help of battery and a charging system. Today, most of the vehicles use electric pumps because of their capacity of generating high pressures that is required for fuel injection at all the engine speeds.
Fuel Pumps are of many types that includes:

Fuel Pump
 
Fuel Tank
Fuel Tank is a large receptacle container specifically used for storing fuel in an automobile. Fuel tank is available in different sizes, shapes and can be made using high-density polyethylene, steel or aluminum. In simpler words, fuel tanks are the storage devices installed in the vehicles for collecting excess fuel oil. Fuel tanks are usually located at the rear position of a vehicle.

 
Fuel Tank Cap is a type of safety valve mounted on a fuel tank. Fuel tank cap is generally flexible, corrosion resistant and offers better grip every time whenever the tank is filled with fuel. Steel, aluminum, polyamide resins, zinc, copper, brass, iron and other metals are used for manufacturing automobile fuel tank cap.

Fuel Tank Cap

 
Fuel Water Separator
Fuel Water Separator are the devices used by automobile for separating fuel and water so that it does not enter engine and fuel induction components.

 
Intake Manifolds are basically pipes used in automobile fuel supply system that are used for carrying and distributing fuel to internal combustion engine cylinder. Also called as an inlet manifold, this device has multiple apertures that supply mixture of fuel and air to the cylinders. Mostly aluminum, polypropylene, and cast iron are used in manufacturing intake manifolds.
Intake Manifolds are categorized as:

Intake Manifolds
 
Nitrous Oxide System
High performance nitrous oxide systems used in automobile produces more additional horsepower by permitting engine of the vehicle to ignite more fuel than it normally burn. Nitrous oxide used in the automobiles is generally kept in a metal tank or boot of the vehicle. Nitrous oxide is a compound of nitrogen and oxygen, which when heated it breaks into two different gases namely nitrogen and oxygen. Nitrogen gas is used for absorbing the additional heat while oxygen gas is used for allowing more fuel to be burned.
Nitrous Oxide System is categorized as:




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