Automotive chassis is considered to be one of the significant structures
of an automobile. It is usually made of a steel frame, which holds the
body and motor of an automotive vehicle. More precisely, automotive
chassis or automobile chassis is a skeletal frame on which various
mechanical parts like engine, tires, axle assemblies, brakes, steering
etc are bolted. At the time of manufacturing, the body of a vehicle is
flexibly molded according to the structure of chassis. Automobile
chassis is usually made of light sheet metal or composite plastics. It
provides strength needed for supporting vehicular components and payload
placed upon it. Automotive chassis or automobile chassis helps keep an
automobile rigid, stiff and unbending. Auto chassis ensures low levels
of noise, vibrations and harshness throughout the automobile.
The different types of automobile chassis include:
Ladder chassis is considered to be one of the oldest
forms of automotive chassis or automobile chassis
that is still used by
most of the SUVs till today. As its name connotes, ladder chassis
resembles a shape of a ladder having two longitudinal rails inter linked
by several lateral and cross braces.
Backbone chassis has a rectangular tube like backbone,
usually made up of glass fibre that is used for joining front and rear
axle together. This type of automotive chassis or automobile chassis is
strong and powerful enough to provide support smaller sports car.
Backbone chassis is easy to make and cost effective.
Monocoque Chassis is a one-piece structure that
prescribes the overall shape of a vehicle. This type of automotive
chassis is manufactured by welding floor pan and other pieces together.
Since monocoque chassis is cost effective and suitable for robotised
production, most of the vehicles today make use of steel plated
Types of Automobile Chassis